Machiavellianism, types of lies, and nonverbal communication
O'Hair, Henry Dan
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The detection of deception is what the present study will focus on. Detection of deception is not a new phenomenon, Ancient Chinese authorities would have a suspected criminal chew dried rice while being interrogated. If after the interrogation the rice in the criminal's mouth was dry, the criminal was condemned. The ancient Chinese thesis was that the act of lying induces stress which causes the salivary glands to dry up (Block, 1975). Another early example of lie detection was reported by Lee (1953, 4) about a Hindu prince.