The representation of migrant students in special education in the state of Texas

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Title: The representation of migrant students in special education in the state of Texas
Author: Razo, Nancy Pena
Abstract: Migrant children are considered one of the most at -risk populations in the United States . They confront multiple obstacles of poverty , poor health , mobility , and limited English proficiency (LEP ) . These factors contribute to the difficulties that migrant children may encounter in the educational system . Once a migrant student is identified as having a disability , he /she faces problems not only because of his /her migratory lifestyle but also because of his /her disability . Little research has been conducted regarding migrant students with disabilities . Many questions remain unanswered . Some of the literature alludes to an underrepresentation of migrant students in special education , but no empirical research exists . The purpose of the study is two -fold . The first is to examine the extent of the migrant student population that is currently identified as having disabilities in the school districts across the state of Texas . The second purpose of the study is to examine the common characteristics of school districts that have a disproportionate representation of migrant students served by special education . Data for the 2000 -2001 school year was obtained from the Texas Education Agency (TEA ) from their Public Education Information Management System (PEIMS ) and the Program Analysis System (PAS ) . There were 223 districts included in the sample . There were 71 ,656 migrant students in the sample with 9 ,078 migrant students receiving special education services . Migrant students across the state of Texas were primarily Hispanic and economically disadvantaged . Forty five percent of all migrants were also LEP . Although 12 % of the migrant population across the state received special education services during the 2000 -2001 school year , further analysis demonstrated that there was a higher percentage of migrant students that received services under the Learning Disability category when compared to all students , excluding migrants . There were also a number of districts that had an overrepresentation of migrant students that received special education services , while others had an underrepresentation of migrant LEP students that received special education services . Overall , this study indicates that there is a disproportionate representation of migrant students that received special education services across the school districts of Texas .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /2802
Date: 2005-11-01

Citation

The representation of migrant students in special education in the state of Texas. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /2802 .

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