Rules and Regulations for Implementing the Coastal Energy Impact Program, Section 308, The Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972 as amended
National Ocean Survey, Office of Coastal Zone Management
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In response to intense pressures upon, the conflicts within, and the importance of the coastal zone of the United States, Congress passed the Coastal Zone Management Act (P.L. 92-583; 86 Stat. 1280). Signed into law on October 27, 972, the Act authorized a Federal program to be administered by Secretary of Commerce, who in turn delegated this responsibility to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) was substantially amended by the Congress and the amendments were signed into law on July 26,1976 (P.L. 94-370). The composite of the two Acts (Appendix 1) will be referred to herein as the CZMA. The CZMA affirms a National interest in effective management, beneficial use, protection, and development of the coastal zone, and provides assistance and encouragement to coastal states to develop and implement rational programs for managing their coastal zone. Section 308 of the CZMA establishes a Coastal Energy Impact Program (CEIP) which provides financial assistance to meet the needs of coastal States and local governments which result from energy activity affecting the coastal zone. Such financial assistance is to be used for: 1) planning for the social, economic, and environmental consequences in the coastal zone resulting from energy new development; 2) construction of public facilities and provision of public services, the need for which is attributable to increased population resulting from new and expanded coastal energy activity; 3) prevention, reduction, or amelioration of unavoidable damage or degradation of valuable environmental or recreational resources resulting from past or future coastal energy activity.
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