Referral Source as a Predictor of Treatment Outcomes in Children and Adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder
White, Heather Hayes
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Information was obtained from two previously conducted studies of children and adolescents with major depressive disorder (Emslie et al., 2008; Kennard et al., 2008). Study participants were referred from advertisements, clinician or school counselors, and other sources. To date, two studies have examined referral source as a predictor of treatment outcome in youth with MDD, each yielding a different result. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to determine whether referral source is a predictor of treatment outcome in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder. Characteristics of acute study participants including age, gender, ethnicity, severity and duration of illness, suicidal behaviors, and number of comorbid diagnoses were compared between participants from differing referral sources. The findings of this study suggest that referral source is not a predictor of treatment outcome in children and adolescents with major depressive disorder.