Identification of activity areas through lithic analysis : The Longhorn Site (41KT53) in the upper Brazos River Basin, Kent County, Texas

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Title: Identification of activity areas through lithic analysis : The Longhorn Site (41KT53) in the upper Brazos River Basin, Kent County, Texas
Author: Smith, Kathryn M
Abstract: The Longhorn site (41KT53 ) represents a protohistoric Native American encampment positioned along the border between the Rolling Plains and Southern High Plains of western Texas . Original interpretations for the site are re -examined using lithic tool and debitage analysis under the theoretical perspective of behavioral archaeology . Cultural and non -cultural processes are studied to determine their role in the creation , distribution , and disturbance of the site’s lithics and related features . Research orientation is focused on potential causes for the skewed ratio of unifacial to bifacial stone tools , thermal alterations present on some lithics , artifact distribution , and the correlation between lithics and features . Behavioral chain analysis is utilized to identify lithic activity areas that reflect the life history stages of procurement , manufacture , use , maintenance , and discard . ArcGIS maps assist in displaying the distribution of the lithics and their related activity areas , which in turn reveals patterns of the site’s spatial organization . Lastly , aspects of trade and mobility are inferred based on the site’s position on the landscape , creating a larger representation of the daily lives of the inhabitants .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /ETD -TTU -2010 -12 -1036
Date: 2010-12

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Identification of activity areas through lithic analysis : The Longhorn Site (41KT53) in the upper Brazos River Basin, Kent County, Texas. Master's thesis, Texas Tech University. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /ETD -TTU -2010 -12 -1036 .

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