Determining Test Fairness and Differential Validity of Scores for the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking for Kindergarten Students

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Title: Determining Test Fairness and Differential Validity of Scores for the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking for Kindergarten Students
Author: Voss, Daresa Herring
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine test fairness and differential validity in creative thinking ability and achievement /language measures for kindergarten students . Data collection from 120 kindergarten students examined standard scores of the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking Figural Form A (TTCT ) with the standard scores of the Woodcock Johnson Tests of Achievement (WJ ) and the Woodcock Language Proficiency Battery (WLPB ) . A culture fair creativity test is needed to identify creative thinking ability in young minority students . This research contributed to the investigation of the TTCT as a reliable and valid instrument beneficial in the identification of creative thinking ability in kindergarten students from diverse ethnic and socioeconomic groups . This study purposed that across ethnicity and socioeconomic status the creativity test would be a good predictor w hen the predictive scores were regressed on the criterion scores of the achievement /language tests . Utilizing descriptive statistics , a multivariate analysis of variance , and Potthoff's procedure , this study intended to provide evidence that ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES ) differences with respect to creativity and achievement / language were not significant . A multivariate analysis of variance and Potthoff's procedure were utilized in this study to analyze ethnic , SES , and gender differences . The MANOVA found small significant differences for socioeconomic status on fluency , originality , elaboration and resistance to premature closure . Potthoff's procedure was used to analyze slope and intercept differences . A small significant difference was found for slope bias or test bias w hen the creative variable abstractness of titles was regressed on the language variable . Overall , there appears to be no relationship between creativity measures and achievement /language measures . Based on the statistical test results , differential validity and test fairness were evident ; therefore , these tests worked equally well for both populations in the study . Creative thinking ability seemed to be more apparent in minority females accompanied by low socioeconomic status , but not significant . Results of this study support Torrance's belief that the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking is fair and unbiased . The TTCT seemed to appropriately identify creative thinking ability without ethnic or SES preference .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /21465
Date: 1997-12

Citation

Determining Test Fairness and Differential Validity of Scores for the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking for Kindergarten Students. Doctoral dissertation, Texas Tech University. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /21465 .

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