A study of vocal exercises and vocalises used in selected university vocal programs

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Title: A study of vocal exercises and vocalises used in selected university vocal programs
Author: Saathoff, Mary Jones
Abstract: Vocalises and vocal exercises historically have been the primary means for teaching good vocal technique . The vocal exercises used today can be traced back to the Bel Canto singing masters of the 17th and 18th centuries . This dissertation is the first in -depth study of the current use of vocalises and vocal exercises in university programs in the United States . A questionnaire was sent to all National Association of Music Schools accredited institutions that offer doctoral programs in voice . Each voice teacher was asked to list demographic data , answer general questions regarding vocalization in the studio , and to notate their ten most commonly used vocal exercises . The data were analyzed using general descriptive statistics , and hypotheses were formulated to determine whether a relationship existed between certain sets of variables . The data provided a valuable insight into the vocalises and vocal exercises used in the university vocal studio . The respondents were a balanced group in terms of gender and voice type with extensive experience in the teaching of voice . The majority stated they rarely use published vocalises but rely on simpler exercises that they received during their own training and /or refined themselves . The voice teachers responded that they do not give the same exercises to all of their students , but assign them according to voice type , competency level , and the individual student . In their written exercises , however , over half were assigned to all students ; and there was no deference for voice type . The voice teachers are not as discriminating as they think they are in their assignment of vocal exercises . The vocal exercises were analyzed according to musical and syllabic content . The results showed that the majority of exercises fell into the same basic categories regardless of the purpose of the exercise . Cardinal vowels were used predominately , and voiced consonants were used more than any other consonants . The statistical analysis showed that there were few instances of relationship between the independent variables of gender , voice type , age , and number of years teaching and the approach to vocalization in the studio . There was a relationship between the amount of time spent in vocalization in the studio of advanced students and whether their teacher requested that they come warmed -up .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /20624
Date: 1995-08


A study of vocal exercises and vocalises used in selected university vocal programs. Doctoral dissertation, Texas Tech University. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /20624 .

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