Crusades and coalitions: the politics of religion and education during the Johnson administration, 1961-1965

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Title: Crusades and coalitions: the politics of religion and education during the Johnson administration, 1961-1965
Author: Whitley, William Michael
Abstract: It is the thesis of this paper that the Johnson Administration was the first in American history to breach the historic wall of separation between church and state in a national education poUcy decision . The presumption since the founding of the United States under the Federal Constitution and its First Amendment is that church -state separation is one of the comerstones of American law . Lyndon Johnson managed to include church within the state while retaining the legality of constitutional separation . This paper is concemed with explaining how this occurred . The broad experience of society's members involves little sense of a distinct separation between major institutions . Individual values are not obliged to observe any such notion as a "wall" of separation between beliefs . A minister or priest , parent or teacher , the president or a member of Congress each potentially embodies at any moment a totality of his person regardless of the specific role performed in any particular social context . This observation constitutes a tmism in daily life but this understanding has been challenged historically in the interpretation of the First Amendment of the Federal Constitution . Orthodoxy with regard to the First Amendment would seem to demand a complete separation in the affairs of govemment and federal legislation toward any religious body .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /18462
Date: 1999-05

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Crusades and coalitions: the politics of religion and education during the Johnson administration, 1961-1965. Doctoral dissertation, Texas Tech University. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /18462 .

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