Assessing adolescent students with serious emotional disturbance using the MMPI-A

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Title: Assessing adolescent students with serious emotional disturbance using the MMPI-A
Author: Frye, Ellen Miller
Abstract: Serious Emotional Disturbance is one of 13 handicapping conditions delineated in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA ) . Statistical information from the United States Department of Education indicates that the prevalence of Serious Emotional Disturbance among public school students is under -diagnosed . This research was designed to study the usefulness of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory -Adolescent version (MMPI -A ) in identifying public school students with Serious Emotional Disturbance . Twelve scales of the MMPI -A were selected for use in this study because they were associated with problems in school or because they related to one of the five criteria for SED specified in IDEA . These scales were Hypochondriasis , Depression , Psychopathic Deviate , Paranoia , Schizophrenia , Hypomania , Adolescent - Health Concerns , Adolescent -Depression , Adolescent -Low Self -Esteem , Adolescent -Low Aspirations , Adolescent -School Problems , and Immaturity . A sample of 36 students , identified with Serious Emotional Disturbance , completed the MMPI -A . Student scores on each of 12 scales were compared with the scores of 38 adolescents not diagnosed with Serious Emotional Disturbance (normative sample ) and a clinical sample of 37 adolescents in psychiatric hospitals and residential treatment centers . Multivariate analysis of variance was used to determine the presence or absence of significant differences among the 12 scales across the three groups . Also , discriminant analysis was performed to determine which scales best sorted the students into the three groups . Results indicated that scores for Psychopathic Deviate , Paranoia , Schizophrenia , and Immaturity , were significantly different between the normative sample and SED sample as well as between the normative and clinical inpatient sample . Scores were significantly different between the normative and SED sample for Hypomania . Significant differences were found only between the normative and clinical inpatient samples for Depression , Adolescent -Depression , and Adolescent -Low Self -Esteem . The other four scales showed no significant differences among the three groups . Discriminant analysis found a combination of two equations for discriminant function that accurately sorted a significant percentage of participants into the three groups .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /17886
Date: 1998-05

Citation

Assessing adolescent students with serious emotional disturbance using the MMPI-A. Doctoral dissertation, Texas Tech University. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /17886 .

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