Directing attention in melodic dictation

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Title: Directing attention in melodic dictation
Author: Paney, Andrew Sean
Abstract: Music students are generally required to take classes in aural skills . Many begin university theory classes with little or no aural skills training . Instructors are charged with the task of challenging well -prepared students while providing remediation for others . Researchers have isolated four phases involved in taking dictation : hearing , memory , understanding , and notation . Would directing students through those phases help them score better on a dictation assessment ? Subjects were music students in their second , third , or fourth level of aural skills training at the time of the experiment . Two matched groups were formed based on subjects’ scores on a dictation of a recorded melody . Subjects in the control group took a second dictation individually . Subjects in the treatment group also took a second individual dictation , but they received instructions before and after each hearing . These instructions directed their attention to basic musical aspects of the recording and asked them to respond to questions regarding those aspects . Dictations were evaluated based on rhythm , pitch , and overall scores . The top and bottom 25 % (based on their matching scores ) were also compared . In every comparison the control group scored higher than the treatment group . Comparisons of the whole group in rhythm , pitch , and overall scores showed a significant difference in scores favoring the control group . Results suggest that receiving direction during a dictation was not helpful to music students . This may be a result of a disruption of students' established routines . It may also indicate a lack of mastery of the component basic musicianship skills requisite for successful mastery of dictation .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /16651
Date: 2007-05


Directing attention in melodic dictation. Doctoral dissertation, Texas Tech University. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /2346 /16651 .

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