Alcohol-induced fragmentary blackouts : associated memory processes and neural correlates

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Title: Alcohol-induced fragmentary blackouts : associated memory processes and neural correlates
Author: Wetherill, Reagan Rochelle, 1979-
Abstract: Alcohol -induced blackouts , or periods of anterograde amnesia without loss of consciousness , were a diagnostic indicator in Jellinek’s (1952 ) theory of alcoholism and have been correlated with alcohol use problems (Campbell & Hodgins , 1993 ; Goodwin , Crane , & Guze , 1969 ; Ryback , 1970 ; Tarter & Schneider , 1976 ) . Other findings suggest that blackouts are a warning sign of problem drinking , but not a predictor of alcohol use disorders (Anthenelli , Klein , Tsuang , Smith , & Schuckit , 1994 ) . Most published research on blackouts focuses on cognitive deficits among older alcohol -dependent adults , yet recent research indicates prevalence rates for blackouts as high as 50 % among college students (White , Jamieson -Drake , & Swartzwelder , 2002 ) . In addition , young adults who reported experiencing a blackout were later told that they had vandalized property , driven a car , or engaged in other risky behaviors without remembering (Buelow & Koeppel , 1995 ) . Despite their high prevalence and associated negative consequences , relatively little is known about alcohol -induced blackouts or their neural , social , and behavioral correlates among non -dependent populations . The current research explored individual variation in memory functioning under sober and intoxicated conditions and alcohol’s effects on neural activation during memory processes .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /2152 /ETD -UT -2010 -08 -1577
Date: 2010-12-02

Citation

Alcohol-induced fragmentary blackouts : associated memory processes and neural correlates. Doctoral dissertation, University of Texas at Austin. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /2152 /ETD -UT -2010 -08 -1577 .

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