Youth in adult prisons: an evaluation of the youthful offender program and therapeutic community in Texas

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dc.contributor.advisor Powers , Daniel A .
dc.contributor.advisor Kelly , W . R . (William Robert ) , 1950 -
dc.contributor.committeeMember Ekland -Olson , Sheldon
dc.contributor.committeeMember Rose , Mary
dc.contributor.committeeMember Stafford , Mark C .
dc.creator Perham , Tammy Macy
dc.date.accessioned 2010 -08 -20T18 :13 :05Z
dc.date.accessioned 2010 -08 -20T18 :13 :10Z
dc.date.accessioned 2014 -02 -19T22 :39 :10Z
dc.date.available 2010 -08 -20T18 :13 :05Z
dc.date.available 2010 -08 -20T18 :13 :10Z
dc.date.available 2014 -02 -19T22 :39 :10Z
dc.date.created 2009 -12 *
dc.date.issued 2010 -08 -20
dc.date.submitted December 2009
dc.identifier.uri http : / /hdl .handle .net /2152 /ETD -UT -2009 -12 -589
dc.description.abstract Recent juvenile justice reforms aimed at increasing the certainty and severity of punishment also have increased the likelihood that youthful offenders will enter the adult prison system . In response to this distinct population , the Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ ) established the Youthful Offender Program (YOP ) for all incarcerated offenders younger than 18 years of age . A central feature of the YOP is the therapeutic community (TC ) – primarily for minimum security offenders . Analyses of the participants are largely descriptive ; to date , there have been no known evaluations of the TC . Interview and survey data from security and treatment staff at five youth -oriented prisons in Texas , including the Clemens Unit which houses all male offenders in the YOP , suggest youthful offenders are different from adult offenders . As such , they enter prison with a variety of needs and require more time and supervision . Using TDCJ individual -level data of YOP participants from 1996–2002 , a treatment group (i .e . , TC participants ) and a control group (i .e . , non -participants ) were constructed to assess the impact of participation in the TC on institutional adjustment as measured by the infractions . Descriptive statistics , independent samples t -tests , and chi -square analyses were conducted and discussed . Results from a Cox proportional hazard model indicate participation in the TC does not have an effect on time -to -failure (i .e . , disciplinary infractions ) within the one -year observation period . A sample of TC participants with short time lags between entry in TDCJ and entry in the TC was drawn for better comparison with non -participants , and additional analyses were conducted . Multiple regression , binomial logistic regression , and survival analysis indicate that participation in the TC has a statistically significant negative effect on the frequency of infractions (i .e . , participation is associated with fewer infractions ) but does not have an effect on the severity of infractions or time -to -failure . Offender education level was statistically significant in every model , which indicates increased education is associated with fewer infractions , less severe infractions , and decreased hazard of infractions . Other control variables reaching statistical significance were age (i .e . , fewer infractions and decreased hazard ) , property offense (i .e . , decreased hazard ) , and gang affiliation (i .e . , more severe infractions ) .
dc.format.mimetype application /pdf
dc.language.iso eng
dc.subject Youthful offenders
dc.subject Therapeutic community
dc.subject Texas
dc.title Youth in adult prisons : an evaluation of the youthful offender program and therapeutic community in Texas
dc.type.genre thesis *
dc.type.material text *
thesis.degree.name Doctor of Philosophy
thesis.degree.level Doctoral
thesis.degree.discipline Sociology
thesis.degree.grantor The University of Texas at Austin
thesis.degree.department Sociology
dc.date.updated 2010 -08 -20T18 :13 :10Z

Citation

Youth in adult prisons: an evaluation of the youthful offender program and therapeutic community in Texas. Doctoral dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /2152 /ETD -UT -2009 -12 -589 .

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