Killing me softly: a meta-analysis examining risk factors associated with suicide among young African American males

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Title: Killing me softly: a meta-analysis examining risk factors associated with suicide among young African American males
Author: Lemon, Dedra Deann
Abstract: Increase in suicide rates of African American males since the 1960s has prompted a growing interest among researchers . Although research has increased in this area , suicide remains an issue that is explored far less often among African American males compared to other groups . Moreover , studies exploring risk factors associated with suicide in this group have led to inconclusive results . The current meta -analysis was conducted to synthesize the results of existing literature and to identify risk factors associated with suicide among African American males under the age of 30 . Of 25 research articles published between 1970 and 2007 that met inclusion criteria , 48 units of analysis were obtained including 37 ,927 total subjects . The current analysis identified 57 risk factors that were categorized into 16 constructs : substance use , religion , economic , location , education , family , internalizing , externalizing , ethnic variables , stressor / conflict , support , medical /somatic , psychological disorder , perception , age , and gender . Risk factors for suicidal behavior were coded and effect sizes between groups were computed . Age yielded the largest magnitude of effect such that suicidal groups of African American males were more likely to be younger than groups of non -suicidal comparisons . Effect sizes of risk factors were also analyzed within four additional domains (attempters , ideators , ideators & attempters , and completrs ) . Results indicate that age and perception had the largest effects for attempts , while psychological disorders had the least effect . Effects for ideators were largest for substance use and medical problems , while religion was smallest . In a group of ideators and attempters , age was again found to have the largest effect while medical problems had the least . Lastly , factors associated with perception and psychological disorder had the greatest effect for completers while religion had the least effect . Effects of several factors such as religion , location , family , and ethnic variables did not change across suicidal subgroups suggesting that although their effects were not largest , they remained constant across behaviors .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -3071
Date: 2009-05-15

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Killing me softly: a meta-analysis examining risk factors associated with suicide among young African American males. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -3071 .

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