Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia

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Title: Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia
Author: Daghistani, Farouk
Abstract: During the last decade , the Internet and Geographic Information System (GIS ) have made changes in the relationship between governments and citizens in many developed countries . Citizens , in such countries , have been given more chances to participate in the decision making process of the spatial issues relevant to them . Such participation has helping to make urban planning more democratic and to make planners plan with the public rather than plan for the public . In Saudi Arabia (a developing country ) , participation of citizens in spatial decision making is very limited . Such limitation is more severe when considering women due to the circumstance of gender segregation in the Saudi society . While males may somehow muddle through ways to express their views about spatial issues to the planning authority , females have no ways unless they behave against the local norms . There is a persistent need for implementing distance participation for women in Saudi Arabia . This research examines whether developing and employing an Internet / GIS participatory approach can facilitate (without conflicting with the local conservative cultural norms ) women ?s participation in the municipal decision making process of the neighborhood ?s outdoor recreational facilities . The goal was primarily to adapt the technology to serve the society instead of necessitating the society to change its inherited norms to be able to advance . The research involved an exploratory ethnographic case study carried out in a selected residential community in the city of Jeddah , Saudi Arabia . The research was carried out in two phases where the current status of public participation in the Saudi community planning was investigated first , and then a prototype for an Internet /GIS system for female public participation was developed and evaluated . The research found that there is a legitimate enthusiasm amongst the public and officials of the research sample for adopting e -public participation . Such enthusiasm is supported by a number of political , economical , technological and religious reasons . However , the findings showed that adopting e -public participation is more promising in the near future than currently due to different reasons including the current relatively small number of Internet users in Saudi Arabia . Since such research is the first of its type to be conducted in the Saudi context , the findings can serve as a road map indicating that adopting e -public participation in Saudi Arabia is promising and worth researching .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -2604
Date: 2009-05-15

Citation

Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -2604 .

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