Globalization and the Texas metropolises: competition and complementarity in the Texas Urban Triangle

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Title: Globalization and the Texas metropolises: competition and complementarity in the Texas Urban Triangle
Author: Gavinha, Jose Antonio dos Reis
Abstract: This dissertation examines relationships between cities , and more specifically the largest Texas cities , and the global economy . Data on headquarters location and corporation sales over a 20 -year period (1984 -2004 ) supported the hypothesis that globalization is not homogeneous , regular or unidirectional , but actually showed contrasted phases . Texas cities have been raising in global rankings , due to corporate relocations and , to lesser extent , the growth of local activities . By year 2004 , Dallas and Houston ranked among the top -20 headquarters cities measured by corporation sales The Texas Urban Triangle had one of the major global concentrations of oil - and computer -related corporation headquarters ; conversely , key sectors like banking , insurance and automotive were not significant . Standardized employment data in major U .S . metropolitan areas was examined through principal components analyses . Overall , larger places showed higher degrees of diversity , and no trend toward economic convergence . The TUT also presented a degree of intra -regional diversity comparable to other urban regions . Findings confirmed the relevance of oil - and information -related activities , along with construction , and weakness of activities linked to finance and corporate management . Traffic and air linkages in Texas cities were contrasted to other American gateways . Dallas and Houston have been major nodes in global air transportation , with very important roles as transit hubs for domestic (the former ) and short international (the latter ) flights . For long -haul international traffic both cities were second -level American gateways , with Houston mobilizing better connected to Western Europe and Mesoamerica , and Dallas to South America and East Asia . Dallas central location strengthened its role in the domestic market , as the center of one of the five major subsystems in the country and a top gateway in enplanements , number of linkages and connectivity measures . The Texas air travel network hierarchical organization was relatively unbalanced , with two strong nodes at the top , three little -relevant middle nodes , and several very poorly interconnected gateways at the bottom . Finally , the high supply of regional flights between primary destinations , namely Dallas and Houston , resulted in significant effects of time -space convergence . Such effects were only found between highly -connected major gateways , and completely bypassed other places , independently of their size and relative location .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -2518
Date: 2009-05-15

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Globalization and the Texas metropolises: competition and complementarity in the Texas Urban Triangle. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -2518 .

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