Korean ESL learners' pragmatic competence: motivation, amount of contact, and length of residence

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Title: Korean ESL learners' pragmatic competence: motivation, amount of contact, and length of residence
Author: Ahn, Soo Jin
Abstract: This study examined the motivation for learning English , the amount of contact with English , and length of residence in the target language area that affects Korean graduate students ? English pragmatic skills studying at Texas A &M University in the U .S . The study attempted to account for differential pragmatic development among 50 graduate -level Korean students in a target speech community in regards to functions of their level of motivation , amount of contact with English , as well as length of residence in the target language community . Compared to other studies of second -language acquisition (SLA ) which have examined variation among individuals with respect to L2 language learning for quite some time , there has been relatively little inquiry into how second language learners acquire L2 pragmatics and which factors affect learners ? acquisition of L2 pragmatics . Based on the need for more research on the individual difference factors that affect developmental outcomes in L2 pragmatics , the following research questions were investigated : 1 ) How are differences in the Korean ESL learners ? degree of motivation related with their achievement of pragmatic competence ? 2 ) How is the reported amount of contact with English related with the Korean ESL learners ? pragmatic competence ? 3 ) How are differences in the Korean ESL learners ? length of residence related with their achievement of pragmatic competence ? 4 ) To what extent does student motivation relate to the likelihood of pursuing contact with English ? The data for the present study were collected using three types of elicitation instruments : a written background questionnaire , a discourse completion test , and the mini - Attitude /Motivation Test Battery . Analyses in the present study proceeded in three stages : descriptive statistics , correlation coefficients , and multiple regressions . The findings of the study provided that (a ) the levels of motivation examined demonstrated a positive and moderate relationship to the Korean ESL learners ? L2 pragmatic competence ; (b ) overall , the amount of L2 contact appeared to have only a weak and insignificant impact on the participants ? pragmatic competence ; (c ) despite (b ) , one exception was that productive , more interactive type of language contact moderately influenced the participants ? level of pragmatic competence ; (d ) the participants ? length of residence moderately influenced the participants ? level of pragmatic competence ; and (e ) the participants ? level of motivation moderately affected their likelihood of pursuing contact with English .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -2487
Date: 2009-05-15

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Korean ESL learners' pragmatic competence: motivation, amount of contact, and length of residence. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -2487 .

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