Numerical Study of Abutment Scour in Cohesive Soils

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Title: Numerical Study of Abutment Scour in Cohesive Soils
Author: Chen, Xingnian
Abstract: This research is part of the extension of the SRICOS -EFA method for predicting the maximum scour depth history around the bridge abutment . The basic objective is to establish the equation for predicting the maximum bed shear stress around the abutment at the initial condition of scouring . CHEN3D (Computerized Hydraulic ENgineering program for 3D flow ) program is utilized to perform numerical simulations and predict bed shear stress before scouring . The Chimera technique incorporated in CHEN3D makes the program capable of simulating all kinds of complex geometry and moving boundary . CHEN3D program has been proven to be an accurate method to predict flow field and boundary shear stress in many fields and used in bridge scour study in cohesive soils for more than ten years . The maximum bed shear stress around abutment in open rectangular channel is studied numerically and the equation is proposed . Reynolds number is the dominant parameter , and the parametric studies have been performed based on the dimensional analysis . The influence of channel contraction ratio , abutment aspect ratio , water depth , abutment shape , and skew angle has been investigated , and the corresponding correction This research is part of the extension of the SRICOS -EFA method for predicting the maximum scour depth history around the bridge abutment . The basic objective is to establish the equation for predicting the maximum bed shear stress around the abutment at the initial condition of scouring . CHEN3D (Computerized Hydraulic ENgineering program for 3D flow ) program is utilized to perform numerical simulations and predict bed shear stress before scouring . The Chimera technique incorporated in CHEN3D makes the program capable of simulating all kinds of complex geometry and moving boundary . CHEN3D program has been proven to be an accurate method to predict flow field and boundary shear stress in many fields and used in bridge scour study in cohesive soils for more than ten years . The maximum bed shear stress around abutment in open rectangular channel is studied numerically and the equation is proposed . Reynolds number is the dominant parameter , and the parametric studies have been performed based on the dimensional analysis . The influence of channel contraction ratio , abutment aspect ratio , water depth , abutment shape , and skew angle has been investigated , and the corresponding correction factors have been proposed . The study of the compound channel configuration is conducted further to extend the application of the proposed equation . Numerical simulations of overtopping flow in straight rectangular channel , straight compound channel and channel bend have been conducted . The bridge deck is found to be able to change the flow distribution and the bed shear stress will increase significantly once overtopping . The influence of the channel bend curvature , abutment location in the channel bend , and the abutment shape is also investigated . The corresponding variation of the bed shear stress has been concluded . The scour models , including the erosion rate function , roughness effect , and the turbulence kinetic energy , have been proposed and incorporated into the CHEN3D program . One flume test case in NCHRP 24 -15 (2 ) has been simulated to determine the parameters for the roughness and the turbulence kinetic energy . The prediction of the maximum scour depth history with the proposed model is in good agreement with the measurement for most cases . The influence of overtopping flow on the abutment scour development is also studied and the corresponding correction factor is proposed .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -2008 -12 -225
Date: 2010-01-16

Citation

Numerical Study of Abutment Scour in Cohesive Soils. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -2008 -12 -225 .

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