Cultural differences on the children's memory scale

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Title: Cultural differences on the children's memory scale
Author: Cash, Deborah Dyer
Abstract: Memory is an essential component for learning . Deficits in verbal short -term memory (STM ) and working memory (WM ) are thought to hinder language learning , reading acquisition , and academic achievement . The Children ?s Memory Scale (CMS ) is an assessment instrument used to identify memory and learning deficits and strengths in children ages five through 16 . This study investigated the impact of culture and parent educational level (PEL ) on student performance on the Children ?s Memory Scale using the CMS standardization data . The major question addressed was : Will CMS subtest performance differ significantly between ethnic groups or as a function of PEL ? The results of this study support a relationship between STM and WM performance and culture . Culture as defined by ethnicity minimally impacted student subtest performance on the CMS when PEL was taken into account . In contrast , PEL was significantly associated with student subtest performance within each ethnic group . Student subtest performance improved with each increase in PEL regardless of ethnicity . CMS subtest performance of Hispanic and African American students was most affected by PEL ; however , no difference occurred in subtest performance by ethnicity or as a function of PEL for African American and Hispanic students on the Family Pictures subtest which examines visual and auditory memory processes through recall of everyday life tasks in meaningful context . Although statistical significance was found between CMS subtest performance and cultural factors , the effect sizes were mainly in the small range and variance was not specific to any one subtest . Larger effect sizes were found on verbal subtests which in previous studies have been found to be most impacted by quality of schooling and lower PELs . Mean score differences did not exceed one standard deviation with the exception of one subtest . The results of this study provide a better understanding of the effect of culture and PEL on memory and learning .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -1621
Date: 2009-05-15

Citation

Cultural differences on the children's memory scale. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -1621 .

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