Approach-motivated positive affect reduces broadening of attention

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Title: Approach-motivated positive affect reduces broadening of attention
Author: Gable, Philip Arvis
Abstract: Research has found that positive affect broadens attention . However , the type of positive affect previously manipulated has been low in approach motivation . High approach -motivated positive affect should reduce the breadth of attention , as organisms shut out irrelevant perceptions and cognitions while they approach and attempt to acquire desired objects . Three studies examined the attentional consequences of approach -motivated positive affect states . Consistent with predictions , participants showed less global attentional focus after viewing approach -motivating positive pictures as compared to neutral pictures (Studies 1 and 2 ) . Specifically , Study 1 used approach -motivating pictures of appetitive desserts , while Study 2 used pictures of cute animals . Neutral pictures were of varying neutral objects . Study 3 manipulated both affect and approach motivation . Less global focus was found for participants who viewed the approach -motivating pictures and had the expectancy to obtain the items as compared to other participant groups . The results indicate that high approach -motivated positive affect reduces the breadth of attentional focus , in contrast to the broadening of attentional focus that has been found with low approach -motivated positive affect .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -1367
Date: 2009-05-15


Approach-motivated positive affect reduces broadening of attention. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /ETD -TAMU -1367 .

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