Study on effects of resident-perceived neighborhood boundaries on public services accessibility & its relation to utilization: using Geographic Information System, focusing on the case of public parks in Austin, Texas

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Title: Study on effects of resident-perceived neighborhood boundaries on public services accessibility & its relation to utilization: using Geographic Information System, focusing on the case of public parks in Austin, Texas
Author: Cho, Chun Man
Abstract: One of the most important issues in the study of Urban -Service Distribution is the choice of the unit of analysis . Because of the ready availability of various data at the level of residence units , census tracts have been the spatial units most commonly selected . In some cases , municipally defined service districts have also been selected , and they are , in fact , only the aggregates of several neighboring census tracts . The problem encountered in the current study is the fact that Census -based Neighborhoods such as census tracts and the aggregations of census tracts frequently do not correspond with commonly recognized neighborhoods experienced informally in daily life , and they do not match local residents' perceptions of their neighborhoods as social areas . The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Resident -perceived Neighborhood Boundaries (as the alternative unit of analysis to conventionally -used Census -based Neighborhood Units ) on the accessibility to public parks based on equity consideration and its relationship to park utilization . The study also addressed whether the neighborhood boundaries perceived by the actual residents may exhibit more actual neighborhood construct than Census -based Neighborhood Units when the relationship between park accessibility and utilization is considered . First , the results indicate that when Resident -perceived Neighborhood Boundaries are adopted , there is no significant change , either in accessibility measures or in the equity of public park distribution among neighborhoods of different social strata . Second , there was no significant relationship between parks accessibility and utilization , which means that even though a park may be closest to a household , it is not always true that the household will choose to use that park . Third , it was confirmed that the relationship between park accessibility and utilization was significantly affected by some utilization factors . That is , travel distances to the parks were significantly affected by different types of utilization factors and , according to the classification of park type , the affecting utilization factors were different . Lastly , as the spatial unit of analysis , Resident -perceived Neighborhood Boundaries do not significantly enhance the strength of the relationship between public services accessibility and utilization compared to using Census -based Neighborhood Units .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /59
Date: 2004-09-30

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Study on effects of resident-perceived neighborhood boundaries on public services accessibility & its relation to utilization: using Geographic Information System, focusing on the case of public parks in Austin, Texas. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /59 .

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