Knowledge protection and partner selection in R&D alliances

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Title: Knowledge protection and partner selection in R&D alliances
Author: Li, Dan
Abstract: This dissertation investigates three sets of research questions . First , how can partner selection be used as a mechanism to minimize R &D alliance participants ? ? ? ? ? ? concerns about knowledge leakage ? And what is the nature of the relationship among partner selection and two previously -studied protection mechanisms ? ? ? ? ? ? governance structure and alliance scope ? Extending this research question to the international context , the second set of research questions asks how international R &D alliances differ from their domestic counterparts in partner selection to protect their participants ? ? ? ? ? ? valuable knowledge , and how different types of international R &D alliances vary in this regard . Distinguishing bilateral from multilateral R &D alliances , this dissertation examines a third set of questions about how multilateral R &D alliances differ from bilateral ones in partner selection for the purpose of protecting participants ? ? ? ? ? ? technological assets . Hypotheses are proposed and tested with a sample of 2 ,185 R &D alliances involving companies in high technology industries . Results indicate that the more radical the innovation an R &D alliance intends to develop , the more likely the alliance will be formed between Friends than Strangers . However , under the same situation , firms are less likely to select Acquaintances than Strangers . A substitution effect was detected among partner selection , governance structure , and alliance scope used by firms to protect their valuable technological assets from being appropriated in R &D alliances . In addition , no empirical support was found for different partner selection preferences for firms forming domestic R &D alliances versus international R &D alliances . However , results show that firms , when forming trinational R &D alliances and /or traditional international R &D alliances , are more likely to select their prior partners than when forming cross -nation domestic R &D alliances . Moreover , this study shows that when an R &D alliance is formed by multiple companies , partner firms are more likely to be prior partners . I argue that concerns about knowledge leakage explain this result .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /4152
Date: 2006-10-30

Citation

Knowledge protection and partner selection in R&D alliances. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /4152 .

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