Development of the School Motivation and Learning Strategies Inventory

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Title: Development of the School Motivation and Learning Strategies Inventory
Author: Stroud, Kathryn Chatham
Abstract: The goal of this project was to develop a self -report inventory designed to assess constructs associated with academic motivation and various learning strategies including study strategies , time management , organizational techniques , attention and concentration , writing and research skills , and test taking strategies . The School Motivation and Learning Strategies Inventory (SMALSI ) was developed in two forms , Child and Teen , measuring 9 and 10 constructs , respectively . Following a survey of available literature , items were constructed , subjected to review and revision , and then field tested . Following analyses of internal consistencies , items were removed to improve construct coherence . Revised forms were prepared and administered to a standardization sample of 2921 students . Additional tests of internal consistency were conducted and final versions were prepared for publication . Analyses suggest adequate reliability for both forms of the SMALSI with great consistency across age , gender , and ethnicity . Validity was assessed for 23 students completing the SMALSI Child Form and 24 students completing the SMALSI Teen Form using the Behavior Assessment System for Children ? ? Self -Report Profile . Student Liabilities scales were positively correlated with measures of emotional , academic , and social maladjustment . In like form , Student Strengths scales were negatively associated with these measures . Interesting results were also obtained specifically regarding the relationship of depression to learning strategies . Validity was also assessed for 32 students completing the SMALSI Child Form and 53 students completing the Teen Form by obtaining Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills (TAKS ) scores . Results for several of the constructs indicated small to moderate correlations in the expected direction . Guidelines for interpretation of the ten SMALSI constructs were presented along with suggestions for further investigation , including the use of clinical populations and standardized measures of achievement .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /3773
Date: 2006-08-16


Development of the School Motivation and Learning Strategies Inventory. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /1969 .1 /3773 .

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