An Acoustic, Historical, And Developmental Analysis Of Sarikol Tajik Diphthongs

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Title: An Acoustic, Historical, And Developmental Analysis Of Sarikol Tajik Diphthongs
Author: Arlund, Pamela S
Abstract: Sarikol Tajik has been reported to be an unusual language , containing up to twelve diphthongs and being the only language in the Gorno -Badakhshan family to not contain a short and long vowel distinction among monophthongs . However , the basis of such claims is not clear and could be accounted for by any of several factors . For example , different researchers have utilized different definitions of diphthongs , some researchers have (perhaps unknowingly ) studied different dialects at different times , while others simply failed to account for the variation that is often found in languages in change . This dissertation reevaluates these claims and the potential reasons behind such claims by examining field recordings from Sarikoli speakers in three locations , utilizing prototype theory , time analysis , and the nature of diphthongs . Spectrographic analysis reveals that , contrary to previous reports , Sarikoli contains both long and short vowels and three diphthongs . After examining the definition of a diphthong , this dissertation takes the approach that diphthongs can be more or less prototypical instantiations , showing that some Sarikoli long monophthongs are very diphthong like , particularly in their release pattern . Spectrographic and statistical analysis also revealed dialectal differences in the instantiations of the diphthongs across dialects , with the eastern most dialect (Burungsali ) containing lower , more central vowels than the eastern most dialect (Tashkorgani ) . After examining the data , a prediction is made about the developmental pattern among the Pamiri mountain languages and the three dialects of Sarikoli . Implicational scales show that the Burungsal dialect of Sarikoli is the most advanced in a process of diphthongization of long monophthongs . This change is traced historically in relation to Avestan and across four current Pamiri mountain languages . All things being equal , it is predicted that all of these languages will continue in a pattern of developing diphthongs from long monophthongs .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /10106 /438
Date: 2007-08-23

Citation

An Acoustic, Historical, And Developmental Analysis Of Sarikol Tajik Diphthongs. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /10106 /438 .

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