Acculturation, Ethnic Identity, Resilience, Self-esteem And General Well-being: A Psychosocial Study Of Colombians In The United States

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Title: Acculturation, Ethnic Identity, Resilience, Self-esteem And General Well-being: A Psychosocial Study Of Colombians In The United States
Author: Madrigal, Candida R
Abstract: This research sought to identify the factors that contribute to the wellbeing of Colombians in the United States by exploring the differences in their wellbeing across three waves of immigration . It examined the extent to which acculturation , ethnic identity , self -esteem , and resilience explain wellbeing . Although Colombians represent one of the largest groups of immigrants from South America , studies available to date are based on groups with ethnic labels such as "Hispanics" or "Latinos ." The Colombian government estimates that there are about 1 .5 million Colombians , including documented and undocumented , residing in this country . This investigation used time periods of Colombian migration as first wave : 1945 -1965 ; second wave : 1966 -1990 ; and third wave : 1991 -2002 . Contrary to expected results , acculturation did not correlate with nor predicted wellbeing , by wave or as a group . Ethnic identity also did not correlate with wellbeing . However , results indicate that ethnic identity negatively predicts wellbeing for Colombian males who entered the U .S . during wave 3 ; thus , as their extent of ethnic identity increased , their wellbeing decreased . Findings show that there is no significant difference in resilience across waves ; conversely , a correlation between resilience and wellbeing for all participants in the study was significant and positive . Additionally , resilience was a predictor of wellbeing in the absence of control variables . Further research would need to assess whether the definition of resilience is different from culture to culture in order to interpret these findings completely . Self -esteem correlated with wellbeing and was a predictor of wellbeing . Colombian participants in the sample , both as a group and divided by waves , exhibited high levels of wellbeing as their level of self -esteem increased . This study aimed to not only identify factors that contribute to the wellbeing of Colombians in the U .S . , but also to assist in the search for scales that are appropriate to study this population . Further research is needed to fully establish the validity of scales used in this study . Additionally , it is important to determine if these scales are measuring the same underlying constructs as the original scales were validated on .
URI: http : / /hdl .handle .net /10106 /1094
Date: 2008-09-17

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Acculturation, Ethnic Identity, Resilience, Self-esteem And General Well-being: A Psychosocial Study Of Colombians In The United States. Available electronically from http : / /hdl .handle .net /10106 /1094 .

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